Friday, 14 May 2010

Festive Minor

by Gerry Mulligan

I learned couple of further LilyPond tricks:
  1. To group staves, just place << >> around the staves:
    <<
      \new Staff { music A }
      \new Staff { music B }
    >>
  2. To print chord names over the notes, add \chords { chords } to the score. The chord symbols, like notes and rests, have to include durations. For instance, aes1 in the example below corresponds to A♭ that lasts as long as semibreve. The chord names can be further modified in the following way: f1:m = Fm, ees1:7 = E♭7, c1:9- = C7/♭9 and so on.
  3. What to do if a chord lasts longer than one bar but you want to show it only when the chord changes? Use \set chordChanges = ##t.
I chose Festive Minor as an example. The theme starts as a wonderful call-and-response of two instruments. It is written in F minor (I suppose the pun was intended) but of course you always can transpose it. Note that each staff is a self-sufficient bit of music, which can be modified (e.g. transposed) independently.
% ****************************************************************
% Festive Minor (Gerry Mulligan)
% ****************************************************************
\version "2.12.3"
\score {
<<
  \chords {
    \set chordChanges = ##t
   r4. |
   f1:m bes1:m f1:m bes1:m 
   f1:m bes1:m ees1:7 aes1
   ees1:7 c1:9- f1:m f1:m 
   g1:7 g1:7 c1:9- c1:9- 
   g1:7 bes2:m6 c2:7 f1:m bes2:m6 c2:7
   f1:m f1:m  
   }
  \new Staff 
 {
  \key f \minor
   \partial 4. 
   c''4 aes'8 |
   \repeat volta 2 {
   f'2 r8 f''4 des''8 
   bes'2 r8 c''4 aes'8
   f'2 r8 f''4 des''8
   bes'2 \times 2/3 { r8 b'8 c''8 } \times 2/3 { des''8 c''8 aes'8 }
   f'2 r8 f''4 c''8
   ees''8. des''16 c''8. des''16( des''8.) a'16 bes'8. ees''16(
   ees''2.)( ees''8) des''8
   des''8. c''16 r4 r8 aes'8 \times 2/3 { aes'8 bes'8 c''8 }
   des''2 bes'4. aes'8
   g'2 e'8. g'16 bes'8. des''16
   c''8. aes'16 bes'8. c''16 r2
   r2 f'8. g'16 aes'8. c''16
   }
   \alternative {
   { b'1(
     b'8.) d''16 f''8. g''16 aes''8. aes''16 g''8. f''16
     g''8. e''16 r4 r4 e''8 des''8(
     des''4) r4 r8 c''4 aes'8 
   }
   { b'2 f'4. b'8
     bes'8 f'8 aes'8 bes'8 ces''8 bes'8 aes'8 f'8(
     f'2.) r8 b'8
     bes'8 f'8 aes'8 bes'8 \times 2/3 { b'8 bes'8 aes'8 } f'8 f'8(
     f'4) r4 r2
     r1
   }
  } 
 }
  \new Staff 
 {
  \key f \minor
   \partial 4. 
   r4 r8 |
   \repeat volta 2 {
   r8 c''4 aes'8 f'4 r4
   r8 f''4 des''8 bes'4 r4
   r8 c''4 aes'8 f'4 r4
   r8 f''4 des''8 bes'4 r4
   \times 2/3 { r8 b'8 c''8 } \times 2/3 { des''8 c''8 aes'8 } f'4 r4
   r8 f'4 c'8 ees'8 des'8 bes8 g8(
   g2.)( g8) bes8
   bes8. aes16 r4 r8 c''8 \times 2/3 { c''8 des''8 ees''8 }
   f''2 des''4. c''8
   bes'2 g'8. bes'16 des''8. e''16
   ees''8. c''16 des''8. ees''16 r8 c'8 ees'16 aes'16 d'8(
   d'1)
   }
   \alternative {
   { r2 des'4. f'8
     \times 2/3 { d'8 ees'8 f'8 } b4 r2
     r4 \times 2/3 { aes'8 g'8 f'8 } \times 2/3 { e'8 des'8 c'8 } r4
     \times 2/3 { des'8 c'8 bes8 } \times 2/3 { g8 f8 e8 } r2 
   }
   { r1
     r2 r4 f'8 ees'8(
     ees'2) d'2
     des'2 c'4. c'8(
     c'4) r4 r2
     r1
   }
  }
 }
>>
}
And here’s the result:

No comments:

Post a Comment